The information technology project manager manages the development of information technology projects and ensures their successful results, coordinates the work of the people involved in the project, analyzes the client’s needs and coordinates them with the project development time and budget options.
The Ltech team consists of experienced project managers who have implemented both larger and smaller projects. Worked with both private sector clients and the public sector.
We choose the project management approach according to the client’s needs and the nature and peculiarities of the project.
More about project management methods
1. Scrum (Agile)2. Waterfall3. The critical pathReference: Microsoft.com
- Scrum is a subcategory of the capability development project management method. It is based on small groups performing short, focused sprints to achieve iterative goals.
- These sprints usually last for a certain period of time, usually no more than a few weeks.
- The Scrum development method is primarily designed to divide a larger project into manageable parts. It defines the roles of the group members, defines the goals of each sprint and the method of evaluating each sprint.
- Each sprint also has a defined result. Sprint team members usually make short check-ins every day during the sprint and hold review meetings at the end of the day.
- The “waterfall” project management method is also sequential. It is one of the traditional project management tools that involves a strictly linear progression of tasks leading to project completion. It only leads in one direction – like a waterfall.
- The waterfall method works best if the group members wait for other tasks to complete before starting their own. It also works best if you don’t expect too many unexpected surprises or changes during the project.
- The waterfall method allows projects to be scaled well, as it is a carefully planned and disciplined approach that can control even large projects.
- The critical path method is a type of gradual project time schedule. This is best suited to situations where at least some of the tasks required to complete a project are interdependent.
- Using a critical path, the project manager first lists the tasks and then determines which tasks are interdependent and which tasks can be postponed without stopping the entire project. This project manager is mainly looking for the fastest way to complete a project to keep downtime between tasks as short as possible.
- In this case, great attention is paid to the chronological sequence of tasks, as well as the duration of each task. Project management software can also help with these calculations.
- As the name suggests, ‘capacity building’ is one of the most flexible methods of project management. It was designed for groups that need to be able to respond quickly to market developments or customer needs.
- The capability development method divides the project into series of iterative cycles or “sprints”. For example, in the software industry, these sprints typically involve the development of one aspect of the overall project and quality assurance testing.
- Capability development provides flexibility when your team doesn’t need complete control over the end result. For example, if your first goal is a working prototype of a project, flexibility and customer feedback are more important than sticking to a strict protocol.
- The PERT method is commonly used in conjunction with the critical path project management method. It is a tool whose main goal is to reduce the cost and time required to complete a project.
- The PERT method is often used in manufacturing and construction projects because it is most suitable for complex large-scale projects with a defined sequence of tasks.
- One of the key features of PERT is the diagram of project tasks and timelines. In this chart, users can highlight arrows to define a “critical path” (see above). The tasks along this path are necessary to complete the entire project.
How to choose the right type of project management
Here are some questions to keep in mind for you and your group when it comes to setting the main direction and goals of your project.In which sector is the project implemented?
- Depending on the industry in which you operate, some types of project management methods may be automatically dropped. For example, some methods work best in software development, while others are more suitable for large, sequential projects such as construction.
- More limited timelines require more linear project management techniques, such as a critical road or waterfall.
- What are your start and end dates? If they are well defined, linear project management methods may be the most appropriate; if they are flexible and if other aspects of the project are more important, a capacity development approach may be the most appropriate.
- If you have a fixed budget, you may need a fixed schedule. This means that a fixed approach, such as a critical path or a waterfall, would be more appropriate for you.
- Some project methods, such as waterfall and PERT, are generally more suitable for larger groups. If you don’t have a budget for a larger group, these methods may not make sense.
- Scrum and other capability development methods work best for a number of small, self-directed groups who are able to communicate well.
- Do you need any special roles? Flexible methods, such as the capability development method, can be useful for projects that involve many dynamic elements and require small, responsive teams.
- If your customers or other stakeholders are involved, you will need to consider this when planning your group size, complexity, schedule and budget.
- If you often take feedback into account, an iterative, flexible model, such as a capability development method, will be most useful.
- However, if your group or customers aren’t making changes, you may find a method that involves pre-planning useful.
- Complexity affects not only the budget, timing and size of the group, but also the method. For simpler, shorter projects with clear and fixed requirements, a waterfall or similar linear method is usually more appropriate.
- Will the scale of the project increase? A more detailed and consistently documented method, such as a critical path or waterfall, can also be useful for large, complex projects.
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